Drawing Operations Unit: Generation 2 involves robotic memory.

It is an initial exploration into the machine learning the drawing style of the artists hand.

The robotic arm’s behaviour is generated from neural nets trained on the artist’s drawing gestures.

Collaborators: Sougwen Chung & D.O.U.G._L.A.S. (Drawing Operations Unit: Generation_3 Live Autonomous System).

In a sense, the robotic arm has learned from the visual style of the artists previous drawings and outputs a machine interpretation during the human / robot drawing duet.

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Drawing Operations Unit: Generation 2 — MEMORY

Gestures from previous drawings are collected and saved, existing as a memory bank for D.O.U.G._2. Analysis of visual style of historic artists to translate into gesture, as well as colour palette as a collective memory bank from which robotic arm will be able to select.

绘图操作单元第2代 (Drawing Operations Unit 2):这一代的机器人涉及机器人的记忆。这是对机器人学习艺术家手绘风格的初步探索。机器人的手臂通过在艺术家绘画手势上的训练而产生神经网络的行为。从某种意义上说,机器人手臂已经从艺术家的图画视觉风格中学习,并在人类/机器人绘画二重奏期间呈现出机器的表达。





Avanessian, Armen, et al. Speculative Drawing: 2011-2014. Sternberg, 2014.


Galloway, Alexander R. Protocol, or, How Control Exists after Decentralization. 2001.


Bad New Days: Art, Criticism, Emergency. Verso, 2015.


Clark, Andy. Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. Oxford University Press, 2011.


Technical Direction
Mary Franck
Francis Tseng


Supported By
CG Arts
Bell Labs


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Sougwen Chung, Drawing Operations, 2016
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works by sougwen

Entangled OriginsProject type

F.R.A.N. Flora Rearing Agricultural Network (2020)exploring machine and flora as part of a sympoietic, self-supporting networked system with human as gardener.

Exquisite Corpus (2019)a performance installation exploring human, machine, and ecological bodies

Omnia per Omnia (2018)a painting performance with a robotic swarm connected to the flow of a city

Into The Light (2019)an audiovisual AR installation

Artefacts (2019)a human and machine collaborative drawing

Drawing Operations (2018)a human and machine collaborative duet

Drawing Operations (2017)a human & machine drawing collaboration involving memory.

Drawing Operations (2015)a human & robot drawing collaboration involving mimicry

Chiaroscuro (2013)a spatial interplay of light and shadow as an immersive installation

Preparatory Gestures (2017)a series of sculpture studies in VR

Mycelia (2018)a series of sculptures inspired by bio-inspired cognition

Ecdysis (2013)a study in performative architecture

High Tide (Étude Op. 2, No. 4)a painting exploring the dynamics of change

The Limitless, The Absolute (2017)a painting inspired by the 八卦 Trigrams of the IChing

Cardia (2012)a short film depicting a transgression from interior to exterior

Apolysis (2014)a short film in collaboration with Clint Mansell

Untitled (Étude Op. 1, No. 1-4)a series of drawings exploring synesthesia

Chiaro Oscuro Prototypesa series of form studies with paper

Topographies (2015)a series of paintings inspired by nature and flow states

Dénouement (Recurrent fevers of unknown origin)




Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese - Canadian artist & (re)searcher based in London / New York / Hong Kong.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.


Copyright Sougwen Chung