Drawing Operations (Duet) is a performance centered on a drawing collaboration between human and machine.

In this duet, Sougwen and Drawing Operations Units: Generation 1&2 create an improvised drawing corresponding to 3 themes, tracing a narrative of human and machine; Mimicry, Memory and Future Speculations.

Each thematic chapter showcases an evolving robotic behavior linked to the artists explorations into art & Ai.

The 25 minute performance is accompanied by a visual projection and an original score by Aquarian.

The work is part of an ongoing series of Drawing Operations projects by Sougwen Chung.


a collaborative duet between human & machine

 Collaboration is an exercise in behavioral empathy

PRAXIS: Drawing might always be anticipation, and to see a drawing, may trigger a foreseeing, which turns the empirically false observation into a speculatively true one.

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Chapter 1


the robotic arm mimics the artist’s gesture by seeing through an overhead camera, and analyzing the movement through computer vision software. The result is a synchronicity of movement between artist and machine, captured as a drawing artifact.

We use drawing to denote ourselves; our existence within a scene.








Chapter 2


Gestures from previous drawings are collected and saved, existing as a memory bank for D.O.U.G._2. Analysis of visual style of historic artists to translate into gesture, as well as colour palette as a collective memory bank from which robotic arm will be able to select.









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Exhbition & Performance

Drawing performances are 25 minutes in length. The collaboration is entirely improvised and showcases a process of human & robotic co-creation.

Drawing Operations Duet debuted at the Art Science Museum in Singapore as part of Global Art Forum: I am not a Robot.








works by sougwen

Drawing Operations (2018)a human and machine collaborative duet

Omnia per Omnia (2018)a painting performance with a robotic swarm connected to the flow of a city

Drawing Operations (2017)a human & machine drawing collaboration involving memory.

Drawing Operations (2015)a human & robot drawing collaboration involving mimicry

Chiaroscuro (2013)a spatial interplay of light and shadow as an immersive installation

Preparatory Gestures (2017)a series of sculpture studies in VR

Mycelia (2018)a series of sculptures inspired by bio-inspired cognition

Ecdysis (2013)a study in performative architecture

High Tide (Étude Op. 2, No. 4)a painting exploring the dynamics of change

The Limitless, The Absolute (2017)a painting inspired by the 八卦 Trigrams of the IChing

Cardia (2012)a short film depicting a transgression from interior to exterior

Apolysis (2014)a short film in collaboration with Clint Mansell

Untitled (Étude Op. 1, No. 1-4)a series of drawings exploring synesthesia

Chiaro Oscuro Prototypesa series of form studies with paper

Topographies (2015)a series of paintings inspired by nature and flow states

Dénouement (Recurrent fevers of unknown origin)




— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a

Chinese-born, Canadian-raised 

artist & (re)searcher 

based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.


Copyright Sougwen Chung