Drawing Operations Unit: Generation 2 involves robotic memory.

It is an initial exploration into the machine learning the drawing style of the artists hand.

The robotic arm’s behaviour is generated from neural nets trained on the artist’s drawing gestures.

Collaborators: Sougwen Chung & D.O.U.G._L.A.S. (Drawing Operations Unit: Generation_3 Live Autonomous System).

In a sense, the robotic arm has learned from the visual style of the artists previous drawings and outputs a machine interpretation during the human / robot drawing duet.

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Drawing Operations Unit: Generation 2 — MEMORY

Gestures from previous drawings are collected and saved, existing as a memory bank for D.O.U.G._2. Analysis of visual style of historic artists to translate into gesture, as well as colour palette as a collective memory bank from which robotic arm will be able to select.

绘图操作单元第2代 (Drawing Operations Unit 2):这一代的机器人涉及机器人的记忆。这是对机器人学习艺术家手绘风格的初步探索。机器人的手臂通过在艺术家绘画手势上的训练而产生神经网络的行为。从某种意义上说,机器人手臂已经从艺术家的图画视觉风格中学习,并在人类/机器人绘画二重奏期间呈现出机器的表达。





Avanessian, Armen, et al. Speculative Drawing: 2011-2014. Sternberg, 2014.


Galloway, Alexander R. Protocol, or, How Control Exists after Decentralization. 2001.


Bad New Days: Art, Criticism, Emergency. Verso, 2015.


Clark, Andy. Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. Oxford University Press, 2011.


Technical Direction
Mary Franck
Francis Tseng


Supported By
CG Arts
Bell Labs


works by sougwen

Omnia per Omnia (2018)A painting performance with a robotic swarm connected to the flow of a city

Drawing Operations (2017)A human & machine drawing collaboration involving memory.

Drawing Operations (2015)A human & robot drawing collaboration involving mimicry

Chiaroscuro (2013)spatial interplay of light and shadow as an immersive installation

Preparatory Gestures (2017)What are the sensory mixes of the future?

Ecdysis (2013)a study in performative architecture

Cardia (2012)Project type

Apolysis (2014)A collaboration with Clint Mansell

Topographies (2015)Project type

Dénouement (Recurrent fevers of unknown origin)




— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a

Chinese-born, Canadian-raised 

artist & (re)searcher 

based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.

— Sougwen 愫君 Chung is a Chinese-born, Canadian-raised artist & (re)searcher based in New York.


Copyright Sougwen Chung